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Title: The glycolytic enzymes activity in the midgut of diabrotica virgifera virgifera (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) adult and their seasonal changes
Authors: Guzik, Joanna
Nakonieczny, Mirosław
Tarnawska, Monika
Bereś, Paweł K.
Drzewiecki, Sławomir
Migula, Paweł
Keywords: a-amylase; glycosidase; midgut; western corn rootworm; Diabrotica virgifera
Issue Date: 2015
Citation: Journal of Insect Science, Vol. 15 (2015), art. no. 56
Abstract: The western corn rootworm, Diabrotica virgifera virgifera LeConte (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) is an important pest of maize. The diet of the D. virgifera imago is rich in starch and other polysaccharides present in cereals such as maize. Therefore, knowledge about enzymes involved in digestion of such specific food of this pest seems to be important. The paper shows, for the first time, the activities of main glycolytic enzymes in the midgut of D. virgifera imago: endoglycosidases (a-amylase, cellulase, chitinase, licheninase, laminarinase); exoglycosidases (a- and b-glucosidases, a- and b-galactosidases) and disaccharidases (maltase, isomaltase, sucrase, trehalase, lactase, and cellobiase). Activities of a-amylase, a-glucosidase, and maltase were the highest among assayed endoglycosidases, exoglycosidases, and disaccharidases, respectively. This indicates that in the midgut of D. virgifera imago a-amylase, a-glucosidase and maltase are important enzymes in starch hydrolysis and products of its digestion. These results lead to conclusion that inhibition of most active glycolytic enzymes of D. virgifera imago may be another promising method for chemical control of this pest of maize.
DOI: 10.1093/jisesa/iev036
ISSN: 1536-2442
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