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Title: Historical water-powered ferrous metallurgy reconstructed from tree-rings and lacustrine deposits (Mała Panew basin, southern Poland)
Authors: Malik, Ireneusz
Wistuba, Małgorzata
Opała, Magdalena
Franek, Monika
Woskowicz-Ślęzak, Beata
Mańczyk, Gerard
Tyrol, Czesław
Keywords: historical bloomery; iron smelting; charcoal kiln; smelter pond; dendrochronology; lacustrine deposits
Issue Date: 2015
Citation: "Geochronometria" Vol. 42, iss. 1 (2015), s. 79-90
Abstract: According to historical sources in the basin of Mała Panew River there were at least 56 water- powered iron smelters from 14th–19th century. Now only two metallurgy plants work in the area. Many of the former smelting settlements ceased to exist. Historical data on the smelting industry in the area are often scarce. The aim of the study was to reconstruct the history of ferrous metallurgy from (1) the remains of wooden historical buildings, (2) remains of charcoal kilns and (3) deposits from former smelter pond. Results show that Regolowiec smelting settlement existed already in the 17th century (at least several decades earlier than historical written sources suggest) and was later repaired after destruction caused probably by floods. Charcoal used for iron smelting in the ironworks in Brusiek on the Mała Panew River was burnt at the turn of the 18th century. This is in accordance with historical sources indicating particular prosperity of the metallurgy in that period. Upstream of the ironworks in Brusiek in the first half of the 17th century a large pond existed flooding the floor of the Mała Panew valley. Study has shown that the pond was at least 100 years older than historical sources have indicated.
DOI: 10.1515/geochr-2015-0004
ISSN: 1897-1695
Appears in Collections:Artykuły (WNP)

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