|Title:||Anatomy of ovary and ovule in dandelions (Taraxacum, Asteraceae)|
Płachno, Bartosz J.
|Keywords:||apomictic plant; ovule structure; cell wall modification; Dandelion; Taraxacum; Asteraceae|
|Citation:||Protoplasma, Vol. 250, iss. 3 (2013), s. 715-722|
|Abstract:||The genus Taraxacum Wigg. (Asteraceae) forms a polyploid complex within which there are strong links between the ploidy level and the mode of reproduction. Diploids are obligate sexual, whereas polyploids are usually apomictic. The paper reports on a comparative study of the ovary and especially the ovule anatomy in the diploid dandelion T. linearisquameum and the triploid T. gentile. Observations with light and electron microscopy revealed no essential differences in the anatomy of both the ovary and ovule in the examined species. Dandelion ovules are anatropous, unitegmic and tenuinucellate. In both sexual and apomictic species, a zonal differentiation of the integument is characteristic of the ovule. In the integumentary layers situated next to the endothelium, the cell walls are extremely thick and PAS positive. Data obtained from TEM indicate that these special walls have an open spongy structure and their cytoplasm shows evidence of gradual degeneration. Increased deposition of wall material in the integumentary cells surrounding the endothelium takes place especially around the chalazal pole of the embryo sac as well as around the central cell. In contrast, the integumentary cells surrounding the micropylar region have thin walls and exhibit a high metabolic activity. The role of the thick-walled integumentary layers in the dandelion ovule is discussed. We also consider whether this may be a feature of taxonomic importance.|
|Appears in Collections:||Artykuły (WNP)|
|Musial_Anatomy_of_ovar_and_ovule.pdf||1,23 MB||Adobe PDF||View/Open|
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