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Title: Cytogenetic characterization of the Arabidopsis thaliana natural tetraploid ecotype Warschau stability during in vitro regeneration
Authors: Orzechowska, Maja
Gurdek, Sylwia
Siwińska, Dorota
Piekarska-Stachowiak, Anna
Keywords: Arabidopsis; Polyploidy; Somaclonal variation; Fluorescence in situ hybridization
Issue Date: 2016
Citation: Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture, Vol. 126, iss. 3 (2016), s. 553-560
Abstract: The morphological and cytogenetic features of the natural autotetraploid Arabidopsis thaliana ecotype Warschau (Wa-1) were investigated. Most of the Warschau plant organs that were analyzed showed higher size values in comparison with diploid Columbia plants. The tetraploid chromosome number was confirmed by analysis of mitotic metaphase cells and rDNA loci were localized. 35S rDNA loci were present on chromosomes 2 and 4, while 5S rDNA, which is polymorphic among A. thaliana ecotypes, were present on chromosomes 4 and 5. Well-characterized autotetraploid plant material was used for in vitro culture to investigate somaclonal variation. Efficient regeneration through organogenesis was achieved. Most of the plants obtained in vitro exhibited an unchanged ploidy level. Detailed cytogenetic analysis that included chromosome, chromocenters and rDNA signals numbers, revealed the stability of regenerants. Based on these data we recommend the ecotype Warschau as a well-characterized plant material for future investigations on the consequences of polyploidy for the genome.
DOI: 10.1007/s11240-016-1006-5
ISSN: 0167-6857
Appears in Collections:Książki/rozdziały (WNP)

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