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Title: Poza Skyllą i Charybdą. Problem fallibilistycznej wykładni poglądów Ksenofanesa
Authors: Kubok, Dariusz
Keywords: fallibilism; Xenophanes; skepticism; epistemology; knowledge
Issue Date: 2017
Citation: "Ruch Filozoficzny" (T. 72, nr 4 (2017), s. 79-100)
Abstract: In this article, I examine extant fragments of works by Xenophanes from the perspective of fallibilist interpretations. I begin with a general description of the fallibilist position and specify how fallibilism may be understood. To this end, I analyze select definitions of fallibilism with special attention paid to Susan Haack’s research on this doctrine. A distinction between positive and negative fallibilism is also introduced. The main aim of the article is to analyze key epistemological fragments by Xenophanes in the context of a possible fallibilist interpretation, from the perspective of both, positive and negative forms of fallibilism distinguished earlier. I will also present arguments for interpreting his philosophy in the spirit of anti-fallibilism. Finally, I will try to show that Xenophanes’ views, to a greater degree than the later Carneades views, are apt to be recognized as the historical source of positive fallibilism.
DOI: 10.12775/RF.2017.036
ISSN: 0035-9599
Appears in Collections:Artykuły (W.Hum.)

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