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Title: The severity of work-related stress and an assessment of the areas of worklife in the service sector
Authors: Chudzicka-Czupała, Agata
Stasiła-Sieradzka, Marta
Rachwaniec-Szczecińska, Żaneta
Grabowski, Damian
Keywords: job stress; social professions; service professions; worklife areas; emergency professions; knowledge-based professions
Issue Date: 2019
Citation: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health, Vol. 32, iss. 4 (2019), s. 569 – 584
Abstract: Objectives: The aim of the study was to examine the potential differences in the assessment of the severity of work-related stress, and in the global assessment of the areas of worklife and individual worklife dimensions in employees working in service occupations. Material and Methods: The research covered 61 emergency workers, 92 helping professionals, and 58 knowledge workers. A subjective assessment of the areas of worklife was carried out using the Areas of Worklife Survey, and the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS-10) was used to investigate stress severity. Results: The research has revealed statistically significant differences between workers belonging to the 3 groups of service occupations in their assessment of the severity of work-related stress. The findings have shown that 26% of the variance of the Stress Severity Assessment variable is explained by belonging to a specific occupational group. Police officers and helping professionals experience comparably severe stress, which is significantly stronger than that experienced by the laboratory staff. Statistically significant differences have also been found between the studied groups in terms of the global assessment of all areas of worklife, as well as in the assessment of particular areas, i.e., control, rewards, fairness and values. No significant differences have been found with regard to the workload and community areas. Conclusions: Working in social service occupations, whether as emergency or helping professionals, may lead to a similar level of stress severity. The surveyed workers do not differ in their assessment of workload or of the sense of trust, cooperation and support received from their co-workers. Further research should be carried out to explore the sources of stress, which may be linked to other factors than the areas of worklife presented here, such as stress inducing contact with customers, environmental determinants of work, existing hazards to life or health, or the intrinsic predispositions of individuals performing specific types of work and gender.
DOI: 10.13075/ijomeh.1896.1406
ISSN: 1896-494X
Appears in Collections:Artykuły (WNS)

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