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Title: Fragmentation of pooled PCR products for highly multiplexed TILLING
Authors: Tramantano, A.
Jarc, L.
Jankowicz-Cieslak, J.
Hofinger, B. J.
Gajek, Katarzyna
Szurman-Zubrzycka, Miriam
Szarejko, Iwona
Ingelbrecht, I.
Till, B. J.
Keywords: TILLING by Sequencing; DNA shearing; sonication; Hordeum vulgare; barley
Issue Date: 2019
Citation: G3-Genes Genomes Genetics, Vol. 9, iss. 8 (2019), s. 2657-2666
Abstract: Improvements to massively parallel sequencing have allowed the routine recovery of natural and induced sequence variants. A broad range of biological disciplines have benefited from this, ranging from plant breeding to cancer research. The need for high sequence coverage to accurately recover single nucleotide variants and small insertions and deletions limits the applicability of whole genome approaches. This is especially true in organisms with a large genome size or for applications requiring the screening of thousands of individuals, such as the reverse-genetic technique known as TILLING. Using PCR to target and sequence chosen genomic regions provides an attractive alternative as the vast reduction in interrogated bases means that sample size can be dramatically increased through amplicon multiplexing and multidimensional sample pooling while maintaining suitable coverage for recovery of small mutations. Direct sequencing of PCR products is limited, however, due to limitations in read lengths of many next generation sequencers. In the present study we show the optimization and use of ultrasonication for the simultaneous fragmentation of multiplexed PCR amplicons for TILLING highly pooled samples. Sequencing performance was evaluated in a total of 32 pooled PCR products produced from 4096 chemically mutagenized Hordeum vulgare DNAs pooled in three dimensions. Evaluation of read coverage and base quality across amplicons suggests this approach is suitable for high-throughput TILLING and other applications employing highly pooled complex sampling schemes. Induced mutations previously identified in a traditional TILLING screen were recovered in this dataset further supporting the efficacy of the approach.
DOI: 10.1534/g3.119.400301
ISSN: 2160-1836
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