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Title: Composition and physico-chemical properties of bottom sediments in the southern part of the Bratsk Reservoir (Russia)
Authors: Rzętała, Mariusz
Babicheva, Victoria A.
Rzętała, Martyna A.
Keywords: Environmental impact; Limnology; Geochemistry; Hydrology; Natural hazards
Issue Date: 2019
Citation: "Scientific Reports" Vol. 9 (2019), art. no 12790
Abstract: The paper presents the results of studies of bottom sediments taken from the southern part of the Bratsk Reservoir. The following analyses have been conducted: trace element analysis, particle-size analysis as well as chemical analysis of water, hydrochloric acid and alkaline extracts for 18 samples of the bottom sediments. The granulometric analysis has identified the predominance of fine silt and silty-clayed sediments. The data on the content of trace elements in the bottom sediments of the Bratsk Reservoir is presented in comparison with their content in the natural environment of the Baikal region; the anomaly ratio was used to characterize the excess for trace elements. The chemical analysis of extracts has showed “saline contamination” of mud (silt), high concentration of carbonates in it, as well as the presence of mobile (free) forms of aluminum oxide. In this research, an attempt was made by using a correlation analysis to evaluate the impact of various physical and chemical characteristics of the bottom sediments, such as the content of clay fraction, organic carbon, carbonates, and water-soluble salts on the accumulation of trace elements.
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-019-49228-4
ISSN: 2045-2322
Appears in Collections:Artykuły (WNP)

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