Śląskie Studia Historyczno-Teologiczne, 2015, z. 2, s. 283-303
The Second Vatican Council became an important
light for the Church in its inner revival and in
focusing on the multidimensional world. It is expressed
in 4 constitutions, 9 decrees and 3 declarations.
The C onstitution Lumen gentium presents
the C hurch using the following categories: the mystery,
the sacrament of salvation, The People of God,
the divine-human reality, hierarchical and charismatic
structure, various states on the way to the eschatological
fulfillment, where Mary is the icon
of believers. The Council also showed the important
role of the laity in the identity of the C hurch.
This new vision was not only a cosmetic change
of the form of expression of the content of faith,
but a new understanding of the Church, rooted in
the Bible and the patristic teaching. At the same
time some questions demand a further deepening
and defining: the relationship between the Petrine
Office and the college of bishops, the collegiality
of bishops, the relationship between the office and
the charism in practice, the form of responsibility
of lay persons in the Church.
It was courageous of the Second Vatican Council
to show that the principle Ecclesia semper
reformanda is real. The Church lead by the Holy
Spirit transforms into new community, improves,
converts, rejects what is not the essence of faith,
but only a human form, good in a particular time
and place. So there is no agreement on the revolution,
but on the cleansing and progress.