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Title: Impact of the Biological Cotreatment of the Kalina Pond Leachate on Laboratory Sequencing Batch Reactor Operation and Activated Sludge Quality
Authors: Michalska, Justyna
Greń, Izabela
Żur, Joanna
Wasilkowski, Daniel
Mrozik, Agnieszka
Keywords: activated sludge; functional capacity; leachate; structural diversity; toxicity
Issue Date: 2019
Citation: Water, Vol. 11 (2019), Art. No. 1539
Abstract: Hauling landfill leachate to o site urban wastewater treatment plants is a way to achieve pollutant removal. However, the implementation of biological methods for the treatment of landfill leachate can be extremely challenging. This study aims to investigate the e ect of blending wastewater with 3.5% and 5.5% of the industrial leachate from the Kalina pond (KPL) on the performance of sequencing batch reactor (SBR) and capacity of activated sludge microorganisms. The results showed that the removal e ciency of the chemical oxygen demand declined in the contaminated SBR from 100% to 69% and, subsequently, to 41% after the cotreatment with 3.5% and 5.5% of the pollutant. In parallel, the activities of the dehydrogenases and nonspecific esterases declined by 58% and 39%, and 79% and 81% after 32 days of the exposure of the SBR to 3.5% and 5.5% of the leachate, respectively. Furthermore, the presence of the KPL in the sewage a ected the sludge microorganisms through a reduction in their functional capacity as well as a decrease in the percentages of the marker fatty acids for di erent microbial groups. A multifactorial analysis of the parameters relevant for the wastewater treatment process confirmed unambiguously the negative impact of the leachate on the operation, activity, and structure of the activated sludge.
DOI: 10.3390/w11081539
ISSN: 2073-4441
Appears in Collections:Artykuły (WNP)

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