Skip navigation

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12128/12280
Full metadata record
DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorRutkiewicz, Paweł-
dc.contributor.authorMalik, Ireneusz-
dc.contributor.authorWistuba, Małgorzata-
dc.contributor.authorSady, Agata-
dc.date.accessioned2020-01-28T08:01:49Z-
dc.date.available2020-01-28T08:01:49Z-
dc.date.issued2017-
dc.identifier.citation"Environmental & Socio-Economic Studies " Vol. 5, iss. 3 (2017), s. 12-22pl_PL
dc.identifier.issn2354-0079-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12128/12280-
dc.description.abstractCharcoal was the primary fuel used for iron smelting and processing until the end of the 19th century. It was produced through burning piles of wood called charcoal kilns. The aim of the study was to identify and record traces of charcoal kilns related to past ironworks in the valley of the River Czarna (Małopolska Upland, Central Poland). Detailed analysis was conducted in areas adjacent to historical centres of iron processing in Maleniec, Kołoniec and Machory. A quantitative analysis of the traces of charcoal kilns in the topography was done based on DEM from airborne LiDAR. Soil profiles were analysed at the sites where traces of charcoal kilns were identified from DEM. Radiocarbon dating and palaeobotanical analyses were performed for selected charcoal from kiln remnants. In the study area we identified over 11,500 charcoal kilns. The radiocarbon age of these charcoals indicate that the charcoal kilns under study were used in the 15th, 18th and 19th century. Thus the results suggest that the iron industry in the studied area is c 100 years older than the historical written sources indicate. Palaeobotanical analyses show that coniferous trees were used for charcoal production. The large number of traces of charcoal kilns and their wide spatial distribution indicate that past charcoal production has had a significant impact on the environment and landscape change in the River Czarna valley and adjacent areas.pl_PL
dc.language.isoenpl_PL
dc.rightsUznanie autorstwa-Użycie niekomercyjne-Bez utworów zależnych 3.0 Polska*
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/pl/*
dc.subjectIron processingpl_PL
dc.subjectCharcoal productionpl_PL
dc.titleCharcoal kilns as a source of data on the past iron industry (an example from the River Czarna valley, Central Poland)pl_PL
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/articlepl_PL
dc.identifier.doi10.1515/environ-2017-0012-
Appears in Collections:Artykuły (WNP)

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
Rutkiewicz_Charcoral_kilns_as_a_source_of_data_on_the_past.pdf2,87 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
Show simple item record


Uznanie autorstwa - użycie niekomercyjne, bez utworów zależnych 3.0 Polska Creative Commons License Creative Commons