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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12128/12916
Title: Morphological Disparity of the Mouthparts in Polyphagous Species of Largidae (Heteroptera: Pentatomomorpha: Pyrrhocoroidea) Reveals Feeding Specialization
Authors: Wang, Yan
Brożek, Jolanta
Dai, Wu
Keywords: Pyrrhocoroidea; Largidae; mouthparts structures; feeding
Issue Date: 2020
Citation: Insects, 2020, iss. 3, art. no. 145
Abstract: Mouthpart structures were observed in four species of Largidae using scanning electron microscopy to investigate their morphological disparity, and linked to changes in feeding specialization. The examined species are pests that feed mainly on seeds and plant sap of forbs, shrubs, and trees. Their external mouthparts are described in detail for the first time herein. The cone‐like labrum and four‐segmented tube‐like labium are shorter in Physopelta species than in Macrocheraia grandis (Grey). The labium surface in all studied species bears nine types of sensilla (St1‐St2, Sb1‐3, Sch, Sca1‐2, Sm). The distributions of sensilla on particular labial segments varies among the studied species. The tripartite apex of the labium consists of two lateral lobes and an apical plate that is partly divided in Physopelta species, and not divided in Macrocheraia. Each lateral lobe possesses a sensillar field with 10 thick‐walled uniporous sensilla basiconica, one multiporous sensillum styloconicum, and one long non‐porous hair sensillum. Each mandibular stylet tip in M. grandis has a central tooth placed anteriorly and pairs of teeth arranged dorso‐laterally. In Physopelta, there are one or two central teeth placed anteriorly but two pairs of teeth dorso‐laterally. In all studied species, the inner surfaces of the mandibular stylets have scale‐like projections. A left–right asymmetry of the maxillary stylets is noticeable; the external end of the right maxillary stylet is smooth and slightly tapered in M. grandis and evidently wider (spoon–like) in the three species of Physopelta, while the left end of the stylets is straight and narrow in M. grandis in contrast to Physopelta, in which the end is straight and wide. No differences in the internal structure of the maxillary stylets were observed among the studied species. Based on structural differences, we inferred that the mandibles and maxillae are more adapted for seed‐sucking in Physopelta species than in M. grandis. M. grandis has the ends of the maxillae more narrowed, a trait more adapted for sucking sap from phloem or parenchymal cells.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12128/12916
DOI: 10.3390/insects11030145
ISSN: 2075-4450
Appears in Collections:Artykuły (WNP)

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