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Title: Kilka uwag do genezy i początków hetmaństwa w Polsce
Authors: Niemczyk, Katarzyna
Keywords: Hetmaństwo polskie
Issue Date: 2014
Citation: Średniowiecze Polskie i Powszechne, T. 6 (2014), s. 319-333
Abstract: The article investigates the beginnings and shaping of the office of the hetman of the Crown. The opinions of historians on the subject of the beginnings of the above‑mentioned office have been analyzed. The research into an “early hetmanship” in literature, as well as an establishment of the office of the hetman directly from a diverse types of military deputies of the sovereign, and their treatment as progenitors of hetman have been called into question. The first office was that of the field hetman, not the hetman of the Crown. The establishment of the office of the field hetman was in close relationship with the constant threat of the south‑ eastern borders at the end of the 15th century, as well as with the spreading of the levy, and the need for an appointment of the General Defence — a permanent army stationing on the Eastern borderlands. Following the appointment of the field hetman in 1503, the office of the hetman of the Crown was established. The first great hetman of the Crown was Mikołaj Kamieniecki. However, this did not put an end to the formation of the aforementioned office which lasted till the 17th century. Also, one should take due care as regards titles used at the turn of the 15th and 16th centuries. Very often a hetman was referred to as a supreme military commander of the Polish army operating independently of the competent hetman. In the sources the field hetman was often attributed the hetman of the Crown, or the deputy hetman.
ISSN: 2080-492X
Appears in Collections:Artykuły (W.Hum.)

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