In his latest collection of essays Po piśmie [After writing], Jacek Dukaj conceives of human
history as an evolution of forms in which man manifests experiences; its final stage is the
direct transfer of experiences. The second most important question is the subjectification of
the tool. I review earlier realizations of this concept in Dukaj’s writings and compare his observations
with other contemporary narratives which address the history and future of homo
sapiens (mainly by Yuval Noah Harari).