Studia Politicae Universitatis Silesiensis, T. 13 (2014), s. 105-135
Evolution of Polish position towards European Union Common Security and
The objective of this article is to present the evolution of Polish government position
towards CSDP. The author points out the main stages of the Polish government attitude towards
CSDP that were shaped by the consecutive governments.
The author indicates that since 1999, when the CSDP was created, the position of Polish
government has been changing from a very reserved or critical one to an opened approval and
major involvement in the CSDP development.
In author’s opinion, there are three stages in regard to Polish position towards CSDP and
the European Security and Defence Identity (ESDI) that led to CSDP creation. First stage
dates back to 1990s and is related to ESDI and the way the European Union countries tried
to implement its objectives; second one takes place between 1999 and 2004, when the CSDP
was created and when Poland was participating in adhesion talks; third one, between 2004 and
2014, is characterized by a growing Polish support for the CSDP and stronger engagement of
consecutive governments in the development of this process. Nonetheless, it should be mentioned
that the CSDP has never been a priority in the Polish security policy.