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Title: Effects of Low Concentration of Selected Analgesics and Successive Bioaugmentation of the Activated Sludge on Its Activity and Metabolic Diversity
Authors: Żur, Joanna
Michalska, Justyna
Piński, Artur
Mrozik, Agnieszka
Nowak, Agnieszka
Keywords: activated sludge; bacterial consortium; bioaugmentation; biodegradation; functional capacity; non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs); paracetamol; phylogenetic resolution
Issue Date: 2020
Citation: Water, Vol. 12, Iss. 4 (2020), Art. No. 1133
Abstract: In this study, we evaluated the impact of the successive bioaugmentation of the activated sludge (AS) with the defined bacterial consortium on the activity and functional capacity of the AS microorganisms. In parallel, the removal of low concentrations of the selected non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (ibuprofen, naproxen, diclofenac) and analgesic paracetamol was studied. We found that the addition of the bacterial consortium consisting of three pharmaceuticals-degrading strains Bacillus thuringiensis B1 (2015b), Stenotrophomonas maltophilia KB2, and Pseudomonas moorei KB4 into the AS did not cause any significant changes in the biomass abundance and metabolic activity of the AS microorganisms. Although, the successive bioaugmentation of the AS caused a slight increase in the metabolic diversity, the intensity of carbohydrates usage, and metabolic richness. Microorganisms in the bioaugmented and non-bioaugmented AS were able to degrade the mixture of the analyzed drugs with similar e ciency, however, diclofenac was removed more e ectively in the bioaugmented AS. Several metabolites were identified and e ciently utilized, with the exception of 4-OH diclofenac. Two new diclofenac-degrading strains assigned as Serratia proteamaculans AS4 and Rahnella bruchi AS7 were isolated from the diclofenac-treated AS.
DOI: 10.3390/W12041133
ISSN: 2073-4441
Appears in Collections:Artykuły (WNP)

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