special education; dualism; doubleness; developmental prospects
Nauki o Wychowaniu. Studia Interdyscyplinarne, Vol. 6, iss. 1 (2018), s. 51-63
The article consists of four parts. The first part presents the developmental determinants of special education as a subdiscipline of pedagogy. The second opens with the thesis on the dual character of the development of special education (this involves the description of its major currents – the first mostly associated with medical
sciences and the second – with humanities and social sciences). The third part focuses on the doubleness of special education as a sub-discipline used in the theoryto-practice relationship. The final part displays the developmental prospects of special education in the context of the interdisciplinary and interparadigmatic migration of notions. This migration is exemplified by the concepts of intellectual disability. These transformations have been shown as an opportunity to eliminate the indicated incommensurabilities characterizing the dual development and the dual nature of special education.