"Przegląd Badań Edukacyjnych" nr 1 (2014), s. 103-114
What has been presented in the article is an authorial typology of researchers. It refers to
the researcher’s relation to the examined section of reality (inside – outside), to the type of
cognition (direct – indirect) and the research subject (facts – opinions on facts). As a result
of juxtaposing these three variables, researchers were, a bit metaphorically, called: collector,
hunter, witness, actor. In the second part of the text, the results were presented of the analysis
of research procedures comprised in 110 articles concerning the examination of the disabled’s
world. The notion of the world of disabled people is identified here not so much as the
physically delineated environment reserved for them (e.g. institution of twenty-four-hour
care or special school), but mostly as the space of limited possibilities of fulfilling life tasks.
This is done with the assumption that this limitation mainly results from social attitudes and
limited possibilities of the disabled person him/herself.