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Tytuł: Community structure of ammonia-oxidizing archaea (AOA) and ammonia-oxidizing bacteria (AOB) in soil treated with the insecticide imidacloprid
Autor: Cycoń, Mariusz
Piotrowska-Seget, Zofia
Słowa kluczowe: Imidacloprid; Insecticide; Nitrate; Ammonia; Imidazole derivative; Nitro derivative
Data wydania: 2015
Źródło: BioMed Research International, Vol. 2015 (2015), s. 1-12, no art. 582938
Abstrakt: The purpose of this experiment was to assess the effect of imidacloprid on the community structure of ammonia-oxidizing archaea (AOA) and ammonia-oxidizing bacteria (AOB) in soil using the denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) approach. Analysis showed that AOA and AOB community members were affected by the insecticide treatment. However, the calculation of the richness (S) and the Shannon-Wiener index (H) values for soil treated with the field rate (FR) dosage of imidacloprid (1 mg/kg soil) showed no changes in measured indices for the AOA and AOB community members. In turn, the 10× FR dosage of insecticide (10 mg/kg soil) negatively affected the AOA community, which was confirmed by the decrease of the S and H values in comparison with the values obtained for the control soil. In the case of AOB community, an initial decline followed by the increase of the S and H values was obtained. Imidacloprid decreased the nitrification rate while the ammonification process was stimulated by the addition of imidacloprid. Changes in the community structure of AOA and AOB could be due to an increase in the concentration of N-NH4 +, known as the most important factor which determines the contribution of these microorganisms to soil nitrification.
ISSN: 2314-6133
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