|Abstrakt: ||The background of the majority of events in Dostoyevsky is marked with the evil. The
pictures of vast spaces, nature, water, and heaven are practically absent from his works while
the world presented is filled with an urban landscape. The space dazzles us with the sin and
gives birth to the sin pushing the characters onto self‑annihilation.
However, people miss the
world that the sense of which is given by such superior values as the Good, Truth and Virtue.
An individual, submerged in a spiritual chaos, dreaming about a harmonious and happy
world, his/her Arcadia is reflected in Dostoyevsky’s works by the visions of the land eternal
bliss.The writer paid special attention to the idea of the “Golden Age”. He interpreted it on
his own, being inspired by a well‑known
drawing, namely Claude Lorrain’s Akis and Galatea.
The pictures connected with the idea of the “Golden Age” are outlined by Dostoyevsky in
The Devils first of all, or, to be more specific, in a chapter At Tichon’s (1871), The adolescent
(1875), A dream of a ridiculous man (1877) and a small draft entitled The golden age in your
pocket (1876). The visions, usually appearing in dreams, show a paradise lost , a beautiful,
harmonious and peaceful world based on man’s harmony with nature. And it is here that the
writer, an eulogist of a dark and hostile town shows the space in a totally different tonality.
He outlines the state of bliss, a wonderful place, and a land of constant happiness. The two
spaces, spaciously marked, reflecting two different worlds, a “real” and “wishful” one (desires,
dreams), determine an ideological‑cognitive
order defining a valuing interpretation of the
world presented, constituting, at the same time, an axiological projection of Russian antagonisms
in the second half of the 19th century.|