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Title: Machine-learning methods in the classification of water bodies
Authors: Sołtysiak, Marek
Blachnik, Marcin
Dąbrowska, Dominika
Keywords: water body; k-nearest neighbour algorithm; artificial neural network; decision tree; amphibians
Issue Date: 2016
Citation: "Environmental & Socio-economic Studies", 2016, Vol. 4, iss. 2, s. 34-42
Abstract: Amphibian species have been considered as useful ecological indicators. They are used as indicators of environmental contamination, ecosystem health and habitat quality., Amphibian species are sensitive to changes in the aquatic environment and therefore, may form the basis for the classification of water bodies. Water bodies in which there are a large number of amphibian species are especially valuable even if they are located in urban areas. The automation of the classification process allows for a faster evaluation of the presence of amphibian species in the water bodies. Three machine-learning methods (artificial neural networks, decision trees and the k-nearest neighbours algorithm) have been used to classify water bodies in Chorzów – one of 19 cities in the Upper Silesia Agglomeration. In this case, classification is a supervised data mining method consisting of several stages such as building the model, the testing phase and the prediction. Seven natural and anthropogenic features of water bodies (e.g. the type of water body, aquatic plants, the purpose of the water body (destination), position of the water body in relation to any possible buildings, condition of the water body, the degree of littering, the shore type and fishing activities) have been taken into account in the classification. The data set used in this study involved information about 71 different water bodies and 9 amphibian species living in them. The results showed that the best average classification accuracy was obtained with the multilayer perceptron neural network.
DOI: 10.1515/environ-2016-0010
ISSN: 2354-0079
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