"Studia z Historii Filozofii" (2014), nr 4, s. 205-225
Philosopher and mathematician Mścisław Wiktor Wartenberg (1868–1938),
belongs to circles of experts of Immanuel Kant’s thought. How writes Wanda Bajor,
the Thorough analysis of the Kantian philosophy gained him the acknowledgement
in Poland and with the foreign lands. He tried to show that nor the idealism, nor
the phenomenalism will lie, and a consequence of Kantianism is the realism.
The critical interest with Kantian dualistic partition on this, what wonderful and is, what noumenal, Polish thinker of the turn of the century translates on the
author’s program of philosophy, wherein – asking after the possibility and the
need of metaphysics – he undertakes attempt of the qualification of her status.
Accordingly reaches for elaborate by Kant the definition of the metaphysics as
the critical science about limits of recognition, throwing away simultaneously
her primitive, speculative perception relevantly of the science treating about the
transcendental world of themselves things in himself. Seeking arguments in defence
of metaphysics, Wartenberg marks her high in the system of skills real, going deeply
results of detailed sciences. He supposes, that all metaphysical considerations
should be preceded by the thorough epistemological analysis, determining
terminus a quo of metaphysical considerations. In the article I describe inspired
with the transcendental Kant’s thought, project of Wartenberg’s philosophy whose
the interpretation determines – dedicated to Adam Mironowski – the research
work Obrona metafizyki. Krytyczny wstęp do metafizyki (1902).