Unia Europejska; Traktat Lizboński; demokracja w Unii Europejskiej
Studia Europejskie - Studies in European Affairs, (2010), nr 3, s. 9-30
The problem of the so-called democracy deficit in the European Union (EU) is one of the most important challenges the EU faces at the beginning of the 21st Century. Strengthening democratic legitimacy of the EU and getting its institutions closer to its citizens were amongthe crucial objectives of the Treaty establishing the Constitution for Europe and of the Treaty of Lisbon. The article deals with several new provisions of the Treaty of Lisbon the Author finds closely related with the problem of democracy deficitin the EU. The Author points out such amendments of the Treaty ofLisbon as establishment of the post of the President of the European Council and that of High Representative of the EU for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, new definition of the qualified majority voting inthe Council, strengthening of political power of the European Parliament, new provisions on democratic rules in the EU or bigger role of national parliaments in the process of European integration and analyses the influence of these amendments on the problem of democracy deficit in the EU. The Author considers whether these new regulations reduce or not the democracy deficit in the EU.