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Title: Adult attachment styles and mothers’ life satisfaction in relation to eating behaviors in the families with overweight and obese children
Authors: Pasztak-Opiłka, Agnieszka
de Jonge, Romana
Zachurzok, Agnieszka
Górnik-Durose, Małgorzata
Keywords: psychology; attachment styles; obesity; overweight; mothers; life satisfaction
Issue Date: 2020
Citation: "PLoS ONE" no 15 (2020), art. no. e0243448
Abstract: Family plays a significant role in shaping children’s eating behaviors. The aim of the study was to assess whether mothers’ attachment style, their life satisfaction and their own body weight can be associated with family eating behaviors. The results from 52 dyads (mothers/ children) covered by the Metabolic Disease Clinic were analyzed. A targeted sample selection was used, taking into account the weight (overweight/obesity) and age (11 years) criteria of the child. The results have shown that the mother’s body weight is a significant determinant of her child’s body weight. The anxiety-ambivalent attachment style in mothers is a significant predictor of behaviors aimed at regulating and controlling affective states by food. A decrease in the knowledge of nutrition is associated with an increase in the level of anxiety-ambivalent and avoidant style. The avoidant attachment style is significantly associated with the nutrition organisation and control. Dysfunctional eating behaviors predominate among mothers with a lower level of life satisfaction. The lower the level of life satisfaction, the greater the tendency to regulate affective states and family relationships through nutrition, and to manifest improper organisation of nutrition. Mothers with obesity, compared to mothers with overweight and with normal body weight show a higher level of regulating emotions through food, improper organisation of nutrition and lower control in this area. The research results indicateshow significant relationships between insecure attachment styles, life satisfaction, and the mother’s weight with eating behaviors unfavorable to health. It is therefore necessary to include family factors in the process of creating effective intervention strategies.
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0243448
ISSN: 1932-6203
Appears in Collections:Artykuły (WNS)

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