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Title: Mineralogical and Chemical Specificity of Dusts Originating from Iron and Non-Ferrous Metallurgy in the Light of Their Magnetic Susceptibility
Authors: Jabłońska, Mariola
Rachwał, Marzena
Wawer, Małgorzata
Kądziołka-Gaweł, Mariola
Teper, Ewa
Krzykawski, Tomasz
Smołka-Danielowska, Danuta
Keywords: magnetic susceptibility; thermomagnetic curves; X-ray powder diffraction; scanning electron microscopy; Mössbauer spectroscopy; metallurgical dusts
Issue Date: 2021
Citation: Minerals, Vol. 11, iss. 2 (2021), art. no. 216
Abstract: This study aims at detailed characteristics and comparison between dusts from various iron and non-ferrous metal production processes in order to identify individual mineral phases, chemical composition, and their influence on the values of magnetic susceptibility. Various analytical methods used include inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, and Mössbauer spectroscopy integrated with magnetic susceptibility measurements and thermomagnetic analysis. Metallurgical wastes that have arisen at different production stages of iron and non-ferrous steel are subjected to investigation. The analyzed dust samples from the iron and non-ferrous metallurgy differ in terms of magnetic susceptibility as well as their mineral and chemical composition. The research confirmed the presence of many very different mineral phases. In particular, interesting phases have been observed in non-ferrous dust, for example challacolloite, which was found for the first time in the dusts of non-ferrous metallurgy. Other characteristic minerals found in non-ferrous metallurgy dusts are zincite, anglesite, and lanarkite, while dusts of iron metallurgy contain mostly metallic iron and iron-bearing minerals (magnetite, hematite, franklinite, jacobsite, and wüstite), but also significant amounts of zincite and calcite.
DOI: 10.3390/min11020216
ISSN: 2075-163X
Appears in Collections:Artykuły (WNP)

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