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Title: Do nanoparticles cause hormesis? Early physiological compensatory response in house crickets to a dietary admixture of GO, Ag, and GOAg composite
Authors: Alian, Reyhaneh Seyed
Dziewięcka, Marta
Kędziorski, Andrzej
Majchrzycki, Łukasz
Augustyniak, Maria
Keywords: Graphene oxide (GO); Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs); Energy budget; Digestive enzymes; Hormesis; Acheta domesticus
Issue Date: 2021
Citation: "Science of the Total Environment" (2021), Vol. 788, art. no. 147801, s. 1-11
Abstract: This study aimed to identify the physiological responses of house cricket females following short-term exposure to relatively low dietary doses of graphene oxide (GO, 20 μg · g−1 food), silver (Ag, 400 μg · g−1 food) nanoparticles (NPs), or graphene oxide‑silver nanoparticle composite (GO-AgNPs, 20: 400 μg · g−1 food). Energy intake and distribution were measured on the third, sixth, and tenth day. A semi-quantitative API®ZYM assay of digestive enzyme fingerprints was performed on the third and tenth day of continuous treatment. Physicochemical properties of the NPs were obtained by combining SEM, EDX spectrometry, AFM, and DLS techniques. The obtained results showed decreased energy consumption, particularly assimilation as an early response to dietary NPs followed by compensatory changes in feeding activity leading to the same consumption and assimilation throughout the experimental period (10 days). The increased activities of digestive enzymes in NP-treated females compared to the control on the third day of the experiment suggest the onset of compensatory reactions of the day. Moreover, the insects treated with GO-AgNP composite retained more body water, suggesting increased uptake. The observed changes in the measured physiological parameters after exposure to NPs are discussed in light of hormesis.
DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.147801
ISSN: 0048-9697
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