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Title: Can Mӧssbauer methods of classifying ordinary chondrites help to identify non-representative samples of these meteorites?
Authors: Jakubowska, Martyna
Gałązka-Friedman, Jolanta
Woźniak, Marek
Bogusz, Patrycja
Karwowski, Łukasz
Duda, Przemysław
Keywords: Classification of ordinary chondrites; 4M method; Non-representative samples; Mahalanobis distances; Baszkówka; Chelyabinsk; Bjurböle
Issue Date: 2021
Citation: "Hyperfine Interactions", Vol. 242, 2021, art. no. 50, s. 1-11
Abstract: Mössbauer spectra of nonweathered ordinary chondrites consist of four main mineral phases: olivines, pyroxenes, metallic phase and troilite. These minerals represent more than 95% of the whole mass of an ordinary chondrite. Distribution of these mineral phases in micro-scale is not homogeneous. Nevertheless, preparation of representative sample of ordinary chondrite for Mössbauer measurements is possible. To do that a part of 1 g nonweathered material, selected from inside of meteorite without any specific intention is needed. The Warsaw group has been working on investigation of meteorites for 25 years and has analysed about 150 Mössbauer spectra of various meteorites. Among them we found 15 spectra, which could be suspected of being non-representative. These spectra were obtained from Baszkówka, Amber, Bjurböle, Krasnoi-Ugol and Chelyabinsk meteorites. The analysis of how the samples of meteorites were selected for investigation, has shown that the non-representativeness of samples may be due to: intentional choice of sample, preparation of sample from a too small part of material or the use of non-credible source of meteoritic samples. For confirmation of these assumptions, we used a new method of classification of ordinary chondrites – the 4M method. It turned out that this method is a very useful tool for investigation of non-representative samples of equilibrated ordinary chondrites.
DOI: 10.1007/s10751-021-01779-7
ISSN: 0304-3843
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