violence; domestic violence; offender and victim of domestic violence
Chowanna, 2011, t. 2, s. 179-211
The aim of the research was to obtain the answer to the question: can we
distinguish different types of intrafamily violence perpetrators considering a specified
profile of personality factors and temperament traits and how they cope with stressful
situations? The research was conducted on a group of 325 men convicted for harassment
over family members. The following personality traits of violence perpetrators were categorised:
locus of control, self‑acceptance,
aggressiveness, hostility, IQ and temperament
traits. The research techniques employed in the study were: the Wechsler Intelligence
Scale, Berger’s Self‑Acceptance
Scale, the Delta Questionnaire by R. Drwal, the SABD
Questionnaire — Buss‑Durkee,
Formal Characteristics of Behaviour — Temperament
by J. Strelau, the WCQ (The Ways of Coping Questionnaire) by
R.S. Lazarus and S. Folkman, a categorised interview and an analysis of court records.
Resultantly, four subgroups (clusters), differing in terms of selected personality traits,
were specified: reactively aggressive perpetrators, perpetrators of low preventive competences,
psychopathic and retaliatory, and perpetrators with a big adaptive potential.
Next, the groups were characterised in terms of stress‑coping
strategies, and psychological
processes of coping with stress proceeded differently in the research group.