accompanying interpreting narratives; accompanying educational narratives open workshop; expression activities; intrapsychological functioning understanding
Chowanna, 2013, t. 2, s. 157-171
The article presents two possible directions of bibliotherapeutic work. One of
them is the so‑called
approach, which stresses developing new cognitive
experience, acquiring new knowledge, widening the manner of treating a given problem.
The characteristic features of this type of work are: orientation to task, a straightforward
moral and educational judgement of literary protagonist’s behavior and directive
communication and external control. The mechanisms activated in the process of this
type of work are modeling and imitation. At the same time, the comments of the guide
take form of the accompanying educational narratives.
The other direction of work is referred to as strictly bibliotherapeutic. Its specificity
is characterized by the following elements: an openness to understanding of meanings,
interpretation of behavior and its meaning without applying a judgement, direct and nondirective
The work, in the process of which the accompanying
interpreting narratives are being are constructed, is based on the assumption that
new emotional and relational experience is developed, the way of understanding oneself
is enriched, one changes the way of thinking about oneself, the auto‑reflection
The mechanisms significant for this type of work are projection, displacement.