Karol Wojtyła; antropologia adekwatna; philosophical anthropology; person; osoba; expirence; doświadczenie
"Folia Philosophica" T. 28 (2010), s. 135-149
Working out the experience of a man as both starting point and research method
of philosophical anthropology, Karol Wojtyła conjoined two seemingly separated and
contradicting philosophical stances: metaphysics and phenomenology. This new
method was expressed in a theory of the experience of man (person) taken as
phenomenological experience, rooted in a conscious experience of knowing subject
which, as a person, is faced with themselves as both subject and object. This insight
— itself a kind of self-recognition of particular man, based on their personal experience
understood along such lines — appears as ultimate moment of the experience
of man. Simultaneously, this kind of personal experience allows an overall experience
gathering in itself three kinds of experience and different cognitive attitudes.
Taking this idea as granted, the experience of the “other” shows up as the experience
of “non-I”, which makes it necessary to justify one’s own presence in the area of
the experience of man and explaining its methodological uniqueness.