Paris school of myth criticism has proved that some modern theories can be applied to
Ancient Greece as well as to the so‑
called savages, but not regardless of the course of history in
a given society. The present paper, divided into four parts, is in its method indebted to this approach.
The author has chosen the myth of the death of Hyacinth for it has not yet been studied this way. The
development of the science of modern mythology is taken into consideration at the outset. Then, the
myth of Apollo killing unintentionally his lover is presented according both to the ancient authorities
and in view of the various scholars. The main section includes new examination of the myth against
the background of the Second Tetralogy commonly attributed to Antiphon.