Studia Politicae Universitatis Silesiensis, T. 10 (2013), s. 131-146
The author of the article analyses the main factors in selecting information in journalism.
More or less coherent theories were many a time built on this very topic in communication
sciences. The journalists choose those materials for publication that are characterized by
particular features. They focus mainly on controversial issues, containing conflicts and scandals.
What is also important is participating in the events of people considered to be the social
elite such as politicians, businessmen, scientists and outstanding sportsmen. All this influences
the reception of media information and a general content of the media. As a consequence of
these mechanisms, the contents of the media do not reflect the social reality in an accurate
way. The article also differentiates between the theory of information value and related theories
functioning in the communication sciences.