Edmund Husserl; generalna teza naturalnego nastawienia; istnienie świata; świadomość; idealizm transcendentalny; monizm transcendentalny; general thesis of the natural attitude; the existence of world; consciousness; transcendental idealism; transcendental monism
"Folia Philosophica" T. 32 (2014), s. 129-156
In my paper I discuss Husserl’s standpoint on the existence of world. Addressing
this issue the philosopher thinks of the kind of being, outer of consciousness, which
is realized in the general thesis of natural attitude. The aim of phenomenological research is to reveal correlation of consciousness and the world, which according to
Husserl, becomes transcendental constitution. In the course of explaining this correlation
Husserl reveals that the existence of world might be recognized as a correlate
of the general thesis of natural attitude, which after phenomenological reduction becomes
recognised as the constitutive achievement of consciousness. Transcendental
idealism is interpreted in the paper as transcendental monism. Husserl not only
questions the possibility of non-cognizable things-in-themselves, but also he uses
some broad concept of transcendental subjectivity. The transcendental subjectivity is
not opposed to the world, but it includes the world as the subjectivity’s correlate.
Strictly speaking, the world is conceived as structure transcendental subjectivity,
and the natural attitude might be taken as anonymous modus of transcendental life.