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Tytuł: Quantitative trait loci for yield and yield-related traits in spring barley populations derived from crosses between European and Syrian cultivars
Autor: Mikołajczak, Krzysztof
Ogrodowicz, Piotr
Gudyś, Kornelia
Krystkowiak, Karolina
Sawikowska, Aneta
Frohmberg, Wojciech
Górny, Andrzej
Kędziora, Andrzej
Jankowiak, Janusz
Józefczyk, Damian
Karg, Grzegorz
Andrusiak, Joanna
Krajewski, Paweł
Szarejko, Iwona
Surma, Maria
Adamski, Tadeusz
Guzy-Wróbelska, Justyna
Kuczyńska, Anetta
Słowa kluczowe: Chromosome Mapping; Plant Chromosomes; Phenotype; Hordeum; Syria; Plant Genes
Data wydania: 2016
Źródło: PLoS ONE, 2016, iss. 5, art. no. e0155938
Abstrakt: In response to climatic changes, breeding programmes should be aimed at creating new cultivars with improved resistance to water scarcity. The objective of this study was to examine the yield potential of barley recombinant inbred lines (RILs) derived from three cross-combinations of European and Syrian spring cultivars, and to identify quantitative trait loci (QTLs) for yield-related traits in these populations. RILs were evaluated in field experiments over a period of three years (2011 to 2013) and genotyped with simple sequence repeat (SSR) and single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers; a genetic map for each population was constructed and then one consensus map was developed. Biological interpretation of identified QTLs was achieved by reference to Ensembl Plants barley gene space. Twelve regions in the genomes of studied RILs were distinguished after QTL analysis. Most of the QTLs were identified on the 2H chromosome, which was the hotspot region in all three populations. Syrian parental cultivars contributed alleles decreasing traits' values at majority of QTLs for grain weight, grain number, spike length and time to heading, and numerous alleles increasing stem length. The phenomic and molecular approaches distinguished the lines with an acceptable grain yield potential combining desirable features or alleles from their parents, that is, early heading from the Syrian breeding line (Cam/B1/CI08887//CI05761) and short plant stature from the European semidwarf cultivar (Maresi).
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0155938
ISSN: 1932-6203
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