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Zastosuj identyfikator do podlinkowania lub zacytowania tej pozycji: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12128/3016
Tytuł: A reverse-genetics mutational analysis of the barley HvDWARF gene results in identification of a series of alleles and mutants with short stature of various degree and disturbance in BR biosynthesis allowing a new insight into the process
Autor: Gruszka, Damian
Górniak, Małgorzata
Głodowska, Ewelina
Wierus, Ewa
Oklestkova, Jana
Janeczko, Anna
Małuszynski, Mirosław
Szarejko, Iwona
Słowa kluczowe: Barley; Biosynthesis; Brassinosteroids; Mutant; Reverse-genetics; Semi-dwarf; Splicing
Data wydania: 2016
Źródło: International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 2016, iss. 4, s. 1-18
Abstrakt: Brassinosteroids (BRs) are plant steroid hormones, regulating a broad range of physiological processes. The largest amount of data related with BR biosynthesis has been gathered in Arabidopsis thaliana, however understanding of this process is far less elucidated in monocot crops. Up to now, only four barley genes implicated in BR biosynthesis have been identified. Two of them, HvDWARF and HvBRD, encode BR-6-oxidases catalyzing biosynthesis of castasterone, but their relation is not yet understood. In the present study, the identification of the HvDWARF genomic sequence, its mutational and functional analysis and characterization of new mutants are reported. Various types of mutations located in different positions within functional domains were identified and characterized. Analysis of their impact on phenotype of the mutants was performed. The identified homozygous mutants show reduced height of various degree and disrupted skotomorphogenesis. Mutational analysis of the HvDWARF gene with the “reverse genetics” approach allowed for its detailed functional analysis at the level of protein functional domains. The HvDWARF gene function and mutants’ phenotypes were also validated by measurement of endogenous BR concentration. These results allowed a new insight into the BR biosynthesis in barley.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12128/3016
DOI: 10.3390/ijms17040600
ISSN: 1661-6596
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