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Title: Natural carriers in bioremediation: a review
Authors: Dzionek, Anna
Wojcieszyńska, Danuta
Guzik, Urszula
Keywords: Bioremediation; Natural carriers; Adsorption; Bioethanol production; Contamination; Heavy metals; Immobilization; Immobilized microorganisms; Wine alterations; Wood barrels; Xenobiotics
Issue Date: 2016
Citation: Electronic Journal of Biotechnology, Vol. 23, [September] (2016), s. 28-36
Abstract: Bioremediation of contaminated groundwater or soil is currently the cheapest and the least harmful method of removing xenobiotics from the environment. Immobilization of microorganisms capable of degrading specific contaminants significantly promotes bioremediation processes, reduces their costs, and also allows for the multiple use of biocatalysts. Among the developed methods of immobilization, adsorption on the surface is the most common method in bioremediation, due to the simplicity of the procedure and its non-toxicity. The choice of carrier is an essential element for successful bioremediation. It is also important to consider the type of process (in situ or ex situ), type of pollution, and properties of immobilized microorganisms. For these reasons, the article summarizes recent scientific reports about the use of natural carriers in bioremediation, including efficiency, the impact of the carrier on microorganisms and contamination, and the nature of the conducted research.
DOI: 10.1016/j.ejbt.2016.07.003
ISSN: 0717-3458
Appears in Collections:Artykuły (WBiOŚ)

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