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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12128/3329
Title: SEM-EDS and X-ray micro Computed Tomography studies of skeletal surface pattern and body structure in the freshwater sponge Spongilla lacustris collected from Goczalkowice reservoir habit (Southern Poland)
Authors: Karcz, Jagna
Woźnica, Andrzej
Binkowski, Marcin
Klonowska-Olejnik, Małgorzata
Bernaś, Tytus
Karczewski, Jerzy
Migula, Paweł
Keywords: Energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy; High-resolution scanning electron microscopy; Skeletal architecture; Spongillidae; X-ray micro computed tomography
Issue Date: 2015
Citation: Folia Histochememica et Cytobiologica, 2015, no. 1, s. 88-95
Abstract: Introduction. Freshwater sponges are common animals of most aquatic ecosystems. They feed by filtering small particles from the water, and so are thought to be sensitive indicators of pollution. Sponges are strongly associated with the abiotic environment and are therefore used as bioindicators for monitoring of water quality in water habitats. Among the freshwater sponges, Spongilla lacustris is one of the classic models used to study evolution, gene regulation, development, physiology and structural biology in animal water systems. It is also important in diagnostic of aquatic environments. The aim of this study was to characterize and visualize three-dimensional architecture of sponge body and measure skeleton elements of S. lacustris from Goczalkowice reservoir for identification purposes. Material and methods. The scanning electron microscopy with an energy dispersive X-ray microanalysis (SEM- -EDS) and X-ray micro computed tomography (micro-CT) were used to provide non-invasive visualization of the three-dimensional architecture of Spongilla lacustris body. Results. We showed that sponge skeleton was not homogeneous in composition and comprised several forms of skeleton organization. Ectosomal skeleton occurred as spicular brushes at apices of primary fibres with cementing spongin material. Choanosomal skeletal architecture was alveolate with pauci- to multispicular primary fibres connected by paucispicular transverse fibres, made by megascleres embedded in a scanty spongin matrix both in the choanosome and at the sponge surface. In contrast, microscleres were irregularly scattered in choanosome and skeletal surface. Furthermore, SEM-EDS studies showed that the distribution of silica in megascleres and microscleres was observed along the spicules and sponge surface areas. Conclusions. In conclusion, we showed that the combination of SEM-EDS and micro-CT microscopy techniques allowed obtaining a complete picture of the sponge spatial architecture.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12128/3329
DOI: 10.5603/FHC.a2015.0002
ISSN: 0239-8508
1897-5631
Appears in Collections:Artykuły (WBiOŚ)

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