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Title: Photosynthetic Efficiency as Bioindicator of Environmental Pressure in A. halleri
Authors: Sitko, Krzysztof
Rusinowski, Szymon
Kalaji, Hazem M.
Szopiński, Michał
Małkowski, Eugeniusz
Keywords: A. halleri; photosynthetic efficiency
Issue Date: 2017
Citation: Plant Physiology, Vol. 175, iss. 1 (2017), s. 290-302
Abstract: In earlier ecophysiological studies that were conducted on Arabidopsis halleri plants, scientists focused on the mechanisms of Cd and Zn hyperaccumulation but did not take into consideration the environmental factors that can significantly affect the physiological responses of plants in situ. In this study, we investigated A. halleri that was growing on two nonmetalliferous and three metalliferous sites, which were characterized by different environmental conditions. We compared these populations in order to find differences within the metallicolous and nonmetallicolous groups that have not yet been investigated. The concentrations of several elements in the plant and soil samples also were investigated. To our knowledge, the concentration and fluorescence of chlorophyll were measured for A. halleri in situ for the first time. Our study confirmed the hyperaccumulation of Cd and Zn for each metallicolous population. For the metallicolous populations, the inhibition of parameters that describe the efficiency of the photosynthetic apparatus with increasing accumulations of heavy metals in the shoots also was observed. It was found that the nonmetallicolous plant populations from the summit of Ciemniak Mountain had larger antenna dimensions and chlorophyll content but a lower percentage of active reaction centers. To our knowledge, in this study, the internal high physiological diversity within the populations that inhabit metalliferous and nonmetalliferous sites is presented for the first time.
DOI: 10.1104/pp.17.00212
ISSN: 1532-2548
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