|Abstract: ||The very work is placed in a universally accepted interdisciplinary trend
of understanding and examining the issues concerning the hierarchy of values
among creatively-talented youth. The author tries to concentrate on arranging
a relationship between a creative attitude and preferences of particular values,
putting an emphasis on the differences in preferences of ultimate and instrumental
values, depending on the level of a creative attitude to be observed.
Creativity, in order to exists, needs to be received as a value, a kind of being,
a desired and optimal state which an individual pursues, constantly changing
his/her environment to make it more perfect. It seems prerequisite, especially
at the time when the social reality simplifies the categories of creativity, boiling
them down to the skills of dealing with problematic situations.
Creativity is treated in the categories of nominating values, although, traditionally,
evaluation is more associated with morality and reflection on it than
creativity. The latest findings show that the problem of valuing, although, often
invaluable, is fundamental when aiming at reaching creative effects.
Currently, creative actions of individuals are considered to be conditioned by
specific personality features. At the same time, it is assumed that a creative attitude
is one of the factors determining changes in a cognitive system leading to the
presence of specific values. Through a creative action a human being takes a position
on values, expresses and makes them more realistic. Values moderate creative
actions and a basic determinant of a creative activity is a motivation of the sense
defined by a value valorization.
Thus, it is extremely important to search a relationship between a creative attitude
and values preferred by young people nowadays. The research in this very
area comes from the belief that relations between a value system and creativity
concern many dimensions of the functioning o fan individual.
The issues concerning a relationship between an axiological system and a creative
attitude of junior high and high school students constitute an interesting
topic, both from a theoretical and practical point of view. A diagnosis of values
perceptible and acceptable by young people under investigation shows how
the basic assumptions of a social and educational policy, as well as a broadlyunderstood
up-bringing are fulfilled or unfulfilled. Knowledge, life wisdom, morality of a young generation are the most striking determinants of (ir)regularity,
(in)efficiency of influences of a school, family or whole society.
Chapter one is a theoretical introduction to the issues of creativity and a creative
attitude, understood as a kind of activity, intellectual and social openness,
a drive to development and self-realization. It focuses on cognitive and humanist
theories, presenting the attitudes within a broadly-understood personality structure.
The subject of chapter two concerns selected issues concerning the notion of
values. They are touched upon, mainly referring to social sciences, starting from a
philosophical interpretation, through a sociological or psychological understanding
to the values functioning in the sense of pedagogical categories.
Chapter three is a report of Polish post-war studies on axiological preferences
of young people. It takes into consideration all more important studies and publications
in this area, an emphasis being put on the evolution of the value system
from the 1960s to the end of the 20th century.
Subsequent chapters include methodological assumptions of the research in
question; the subject, research aims and results of the analyses of an empirical
material. Chapter four also describes variables and formulates research hypotheses,
and presents a characteristic of the measurement methods of particular variables.
Chapter five comprises an analysis of the results of the studies on a creative
attitude, hierarchy of values and ways of hierarchizing values by young people
considered as creative.
Chapter six is devoted to a quantitative and qualitative analysis of the research
findings. The summary covers an interpretation of conclusions.
The very work can help people searching information on the mechanisms of
the choice of values by young people at puberty. It has been prepared for teachers,
pedagogues and tutors, as well as those working with talented students.|