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Title: L'inchoatif et les moyens de son expression en français
Authors: Ciszewska-Jankowska, Ewa
Keywords: tense; aspect; perfective; inchoativity; Aktionsart; inchoatif
Issue Date: 2004
Citation: Neophilologica, 2004, vol. 17, s. 7-19
Abstract: The aim of this article is a description of linguistic and grammatical ways of expressing inchoativity in contemporary French. Resigning from the traditional division into grammatical aspect and type of action (Aktionsart), the author treats the inchoative aspect as a complex structure consisting of a temporary concept and a constant one. The temporary concept holds a dominant position and is able to determine whether a given structure assumes a perfective aspect. In French the inchoative aspect may be expressed through many different forms like: inchoative verbal stems (x s 'evanouit, x naquit, x rougit), derived reflexive forms of resultative verbal stems (x s 'inquieta, x s 'ouvrit), continuous verbal stems connected with a passe simple grammatical morpheme (x marcha, x chanta), constructions composed of a verb in passe simple and an adjective (x tomba malade, x devint rouge), constructions composed of a verb and an infinitive (x commen(:a a piilir) as well as through various constructions composed of verbal forms in passe simple and nominal elements (x se mit a l'arrosage, prit peur, x eclata en sanglots, le so/eil se teinta de rouge, le silence ecrasant regna d'un seul coup).
ISSN: 0208-5550
Appears in Collections:Artykuły (W.Fil.)

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