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Title: Misja ewangelizacyjna w świetle adhortacji apostolskiej Ecclesia in Medio Oriente
Authors: Imach, Marcin
Advisor: Górski, Jan
Keywords: Bliski Wschód; ekumenizm; misjologia; Benedykt XVI; dialog
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: Katowice : Uniwersytet Śląski
Abstract: In the Middle East, for many years, the situation of Christians is not good. Islam, which appeared in this area in the seventh century, was crowding out Christianity from the very beginning. There were, however, periods of peaceful coexistence in this area between Christianity and Islam. Recent years have led to a significant decrease in the number of Christians in the Middle East. This situation was acutely felt by the Churches in this area. At the same time, for many centuries, there have been divisions between Christians, especially in this area, originating from ancient times. In order to remedy the existing problems, the Holy See convened for October 2010 a Special Assembly of the Synod of Bishops devoted to the Middle East. The sessions of the synod resulted in the apostolic exhortation Ecclesia in Medio Oriente. It was signed by Pope Benedict XVI in Lebanon in 2012. Despite the fact that the documents of the Church devoted to the Middle East were many in the past, this adhortation was characterized by an indication of evangelization opportunities in this area and around the world. It was the missionary character of Ecclesia in Medio Oriente that encouraged to undertake a dissertation indicating the universal nature of this exhortation. The aim of the dissertation was to indicate the missionary elements of this document both in the Middle East and in the universal scope. For a better understanding of the intentions of Benedict XVI included in the exhortation in the first chapter of the dissertation, its foundations were rooted in the documents of the Second Vatican Council. The transformation in the scope of the mission that took place at the Council was shown. Changes in this area were also continued in the following years. That is why the dissertation presented documents related to postconciliar missions. In particular, attention was paid to the missionary pontificate of John Paul II. The Redemptoris missio encyclical was shown as an element that sets the direction for the exhortation of Benedict XVI. The next part of the work pointed to the 2010 Synod of Bishops' meeting and their missionary character. The Lineamenta was presented as a document preparing the ground for the synod. In connection with this, reasons for convening the Synod were presented related to the difficult situation in the Middle East. This part of the work also presented the Apostolic Exhortation itself, Ecclesia in Medio Oriente. The missionary character of this document was presented as well as the most important evangelizing factors related to the exhortation. The third part of the dissertation showed the most important tasks related to evangelism in accordance with the adhortation. The role of patriarchs as those who are particularly responsible for the missionary work is presented. They are also obliged, like all believers, to strive for unity. In connection with this, ecumenical factors as well as those related to interreligious dialogue were shown. The great role of the liturgy as an evangelizing factor has been shown after the Apostolic Exhortation Ecclesia in Medio Oriente. The Apostolic Exhortation Ecclesia in Medio Oriente presented in this way showed evangelization opportunities in difficult, unfavorable conditions. The document showed the need for evangelization both in the Middle East and around the world.
Appears in Collections:Rozprawy doktorskie (W.Teol)

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