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Title: A true denial or a false confession? Assessing veracity of suspects’ statements using MASAM and SVA
Authors: Wojciechowski, Bartosz Wojciech
Grans, Minna
Liden, Moa
Keywords: SVA; MASAM
Issue Date: 2018
Citation: PLoS ONE, Vol. 13, iss. 6 (2018), art. no. e0198211
Abstract: Previous research on statement analysis has mainly concerned accounts by witnesses and plaintiffs. In our studies we examined true and false statements as told by offenders. It was hypothesized that SVA and MASAM techniques would enhance the ability to discriminate between true and false offenders’ statements. Truthful and deceptive statements (confessions and denials) were collected from Swedish and Polish criminal case files. In Experiment 1, Swedish law students (N = 39) were asked to assess the veracity of statements either after training in and usage of MASAM or without any training and using their own judgements. In Experiment 2, Polish psychology students (N = 34) assessed veracity after training in and usage of either MASAM or SVA or without prior training using their own judgements. The veracity assessments of participants who used MASAM and SVA were significantly more correct than the assessments of participants that used their own judgements. Results show, that trained coders are much better at distinguishing between truths and lies than lay evaluators. There were significant difference between total scores of truthful and false statements for both total SVA and MASAM and it can be concluded that both veracity assessment techniques are useful in assessing veracity. It was also found, that the content criteria most strongly associated with correct assessments were: logical structure, contextual embedding, self—depreciation, volume of statement, contextual setting and descriptions of relations. The results are discussed in relation to statement analysis of offenders’ accounts.
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0198211
ISSN: 1932-6203
Appears in Collections:Artykuły (WNS)

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