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Title: Radzenie sobie z tremą a zdrowie młodzieży uzdolnionej muzycznie
Authors: Curyło-Sikora, Patrycja
Advisor: Wrona-Polańska, Helena
Keywords: trema; uzdolnienia muzyczne
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: Katowice: Uniwersytet Śląski
Abstract: The aim of the study is to learn the psychological mechanisms leading to health in a group of musically gifted young people, whose learning is linked to many situations which involve the musician’s psychophysical potential, leading to the experience of a specific type of stress - stage fright. In the literature, there is a lot of information indicating the healthy role of music and music activity, which is reflected both in the somatic and psychic state of the individual (Klimas-Kuchtowa, 2012, Sacher 2007, Wrona-Polański, Polańska and Polański, 2012). On the other hand, empirical reports demonstrate that musicians already experience health problems at the stage of music education (Brandfonbrener, 2009; Spencer and Śmieszchalska, 2013), which become more serious each year of musical practice (Ramella, Fonte and Converti, 2014).Music education imposes many requirements that engage the student's full potential - his physical and mental capabilities (Gluska, 2010, Śmieszchalska, 2015). The system of music education is recognized to be highly stressful due to the psychophysical requirements that must be met by the learner (Jankowski, 2001, Sternbach 1995, for Kenny et al. 2004), and its character is related to many situations in which a teenage musician experiences stage fright, also known as performance anxiety (including hearings, end-of-term examinations, contests, performances, music projects). Understanding stage fright in terms of the biomedical model - as a phenomenon that affects the musician’s health and functioning only adversely is reductionistic. Public performance (including preparation and retrospection) is an element of young learners’ daily activity - for some of them it is a situation in which they can present their skills and which leads to their artistic and personal development (Raducanu, 2010, Wrona-Polańska, 2004, 2008; 2012; 2014). For this reason, in the discourse, stage fright and its consequences have been discussed, placing health, not a disease, at the centre of attention. In the work, the Wrona- Polańska’s (2004, 2008, 2014, 2016) systematic understanding of fright stage has been adopted. According to which, it is a specific type of stress related to public performance (understood as a stressful situation in which there is a relationship between the performer and the situation of the performance - between the individual's abilities and the requirements of the situation), so it can be favourable to health. The theoretical basis of the research was the Functional Health Model developed by Helena Wrona-Polańska (2003), in which health is a function of creative coping with stress, dependent on subjective resources, which are key psychological mechanisms conducive to health (Wrona-Polanska, 2003). Resources lead to health through three paths - the competence path (through effective coping) and the emotional path (through positive emotions), which balance the stress path, threatening health. The study involved 132 students of state music school (2nd level). In accordance with the Functional Health Model, in order to determine the level of health, a method of standardized interview, based on Wrona-Polanska's Stressful Events Questionnaire (2003) and prepared for the purposes of this work, as well as the questionnaire methods to measure anxiety level (which is an indicator of stage fright level), styles of coping with stress and resources have been used. The results have confirmed the Functional Health Model, indicating that the health of talented young musicians is determined by the subjective resources that influence health directly and indirectly (through experiencing the optimal level of stage fright and counteracting stage fright management by focusing on emotions that threatens health). The results obtained may be a guideline of how to create the health of talented musicians. Having demonstrated the vital role of resources to the health of the students in question, the importance of taking the systemic measures aimed at promoting a healthy family and school, creating conditions conducive to education, and developing individual ways of promoting health have been pointed out.
Appears in Collections:Rozprawy doktorskie (WNS)

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