The aim of the study is to carry out a comparative analysis of subjonctif and congiuntivo
mocxts traditionaIly understood as a one grammatical category but at the same time belonging to
two difTerent language systems. The study of principal difTerent uses maltes the basis for
constructing appropriate cognitive-semantic schemes and distinguishing prototype uses. It also
seems interesting to define semantic invariant, if one exists, for these categories. Such a study will
help to understand the nature and functioning of moods, will show the difTerence and will
emphasise the role of environment, culture and experîence in forming languages, their development
and their influence on human relations.