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Tytuł: Diagnoza i ewaluacja rozwiązań systemowych w zakresie kształcenia uczniów zdolnych na przykładzie Polski i Anglii : studium komparatystyczne
Autor: Gierczyk, Marcin
Słowa kluczowe: Uczeń zdolny; Edukacja uczniów zdolnych; System oświaty w Anglii; System oświaty w Polsce
Data wydania: 2016
Wydawca: Katowice : Uniwersytet Śląski
Abstrakt: For many years a steady growth of interest in the problems of gifted and talented individuals has been observed. Social demand for the use of the potentials o f these people is, firstly, a consequence of changes and technological progress, globalization processes (Perssona, 2012), urbanization and modernization, which increasingly emphasize the role of gifted people in shaping the post-modern societies (Dyrda, 2012). Secondly, a gifted student is a very colorful character and very valuable personality from the educational and psychological viewpoint, which I also tried to show in the conducted analysis. Thirdly, in many of today's job advertisements, employers among the candidates for the job are looking for gifted individuals, those outstanding from the crowd. In other words, nonconformists with a positive tinge, largely motivated by internal factors. We can therefore say that the market has been intensified by increased international economic competition which has led to a kind of war for gifted and talented individuals. Companies see their future competitiveness as dependent of a small number of highly gifted people, drawn from a global pool (Brown, Tannock, 2009, source: Smith, 2014, p. 209). It is worth mention that today's gifted students are tomorrow's social, intellectual leaders of economy and culture, and their development can not be left to a chance (Eyre 2009, p. 1048,1051). Therefore, at present in practically all developing countries, including Poland and England, there began to emphasize that the issue of skills and talents should belong to some of the important areas of theory and practice of school, both because of the social, and educational functionality of the issue. Also the recommendations for the European Parliament, drawn up by the Committee on Culture and Education, contributed to it. They emphasize that no country can afford to waste talent, to lose the human wealth, no country is so rich to waste talents of its citizens (Cieslikowska 2005 p. 36) Presented dissertation, focused on the diagnosis and evaluation of system solutions in the field of gifted education in Poland and England, is part of the research area o f the science of comparative education with an interdisciplinary approach. In the conducted analyzes, I have tried to reference to the existing research results of pedagogical, psychological, sociological, as well as historical, concerning the learning process and supporting gifted students on an international scale. At the same time, I tried to present the empirical achievements, focused largely on issues of education, support and operation of gifted students, starting of the family environment, peers and school. The research processes carried out in this dissertation, as well as their stages, were focused on obtaining data useful for representatives o f pedagogical sciences. The dissertation consists of four main parts: In the first part o f the paper, I analyzed the issues focused on historical and definitional findings related to key issues concepts such as ability, aptitude, talent, genius, concepts of abilities. I made also the characteristics of a student gifted from the point of view of humanities and social sciences. This chapter also focuses on the issue of labeling gifted students, nonconformity, and risky behaviors as a creative attitude. The first chapter also presents the phenomenon of educational failure, leading paradoxically to reaching success in life, on examples of commonly known people. The second part presents a description of the basic mechanisms of functioning of education systems in England and Poland. It also presents an overview of existing solutions related to the education of gifted students and a comparison of both systems. The third part is a presentation of methodological aspects of own researches. This chapter justifies adopted research procedure and describes the research paradigm, goals, subject of the research, and research problems. The fourth part contains of the results of author's researches conducted among Polish and English teachers and students from England and Poland. This chapter includes an analysis and interpretation of the empirical material accumulated in the course of research, as well as the conclusions of the diagnosis and evaluation. The last part contains the summarizing conclusions and recommending proposals for pedagogical practice. Reliable analysis of obtained empirical data leads to the conclusion that the two educational systems give interesting partial solutions that can be used for gifted education. Exchange of experience and thought out application of solutions operating in both countries, will contribute to the development and proper functioning of the entire system.
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