Poznańskie Studia Polonistyczne. Seria Językoznawcza, Vol. 17 (2010), s. 193-203
The article presents the history of the word family of the lexeme mniemać. The applied
nest method, worked out by synchronic linguistics, has made it possible to gather
and juxtapose lexical units in a diachronic perspective. The nest analysis is preceded
with information on the etymology of words.
Thus constructed “historical nests” show a different development path for the two
following verbs, synonymous in Old Polish: mniemać and mnieć. The verb mniemać
has become obsolete now, whereas mnieć is a component word in modern compounds
thanks to the form po-mnieć, which is rarely used today but which was very active
in the word formation in the Old and Middle Polish period. This form has become
a basic signifier for numerous prefixal formations such as przypomnieć, upomnieć,
wspomnieć, wypomnieć and zapomnieć.
A juxtaposition of the words recorded in historical dictionaries of the Polish
language with the modern vocabulary allows us to show the changes and transformations
in the vocabulary of the language that remain oblique from the synchronic