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Title: Dissecting the chromosomal composition of mutagen-induced micronuclei in Brachypodium distachyon using multicolour FISH
Authors: Kuś, Arita
Kwaśniewska, Jolanta
Szymanowska-Pułka, Joanna
Hasterok, Robert
Keywords: BAC clones; induced genome instability; Brachypodium distachyon; chromosome-specific markers; maleic hydrazide; mutagenesis, mutagens; mcFISH; micronuclei; molecular cytogenetics; X-rays
Issue Date: 2018
Citation: Annals of Botany, Vol. 122 (2018), s. 1161-1171
Abstract: Background and Aims Brachypodium distachyon (Brachypodium) is a model species for temperate cereals and other economically important grasses. Its favourable cytogenetic features and advanced molecular infrastructure make it a good model for understanding the mechanisms of instability of plant genomes after mutagenic treatment. The aim of this study was to qualitatively and quantitatively assess the composition and origin of micronuclei arising from genomic fracture, and to detect possible ‘hot spots’ for mutagen-induced DNA breaks. • Methods Seeds of Brachypodium were treated with maleic hydrazide (MH) or X-rays. The structure of mutagen- induced micronuclei was analysed in root-tip meristematic cells using multicolour fluorescence in situ hybridization (mcFISH) with various repetitive (5S rDNA, 25S rDNA, telomeric, centromeric) and low-repeat [small and large pools of bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) clones specific for chromosome Bd1] DNA sequences. • Key Results The majority of micronuclei derive from large, acentric fragments. X-rays caused more interstitial DNA breaks than MH. Double-strand breaks rarely occurred in distal chromosome regions. Bd1 contributed to the formation of more mutagen-induced micronuclei than expected from random chromosome involvement. • Conclusions mcFISH with chromosome-specific BAC clones offers insight into micronuclei composition, in so far as it allows their origin and formation to be determined more specifically. A reliable assay for micronuclei composition is crucial for the development of modern genotoxicity tests using plant cells. The combination of mutagenic treatments and well-developed cytomolecular resources in Brachypodium make this model species very promising for plant mutagenesis research.
DOI: 10.1093/aob/mcy115
ISSN: 0305-7364
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