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dc.contributor.authorŁupikasza, Ewa-
dc.contributor.authorIgnatiuk, Dariusz-
dc.contributor.authorGrabiec, Mariusz-
dc.contributor.authorCielecka-Nowak, Katarzyna-
dc.contributor.authorLaska, Michał-
dc.contributor.authorJania, Jacek-
dc.contributor.authorLuks, Bartłomiej-
dc.contributor.authorUszczyk, Aleksander-
dc.contributor.authorBudzik, Tomasz-
dc.identifier.citationWater, Vol. 11 (2019), Art. No. 334pl_PL
dc.description.abstractRapid Arctic warming results in increased winter rain frequencies, which may impact glacial systems. In this paper, we discuss climatology and precipitation form trends, followed by examining the influence of winter rainfall (Oct–May) on both the mass balance and dynamics of Hansbreen (Svalbard). We used data from the Hornsund meteorological station (01003 WMO), in addition to the original meteorological and glaciological data from three measurement points on Hansbreen. Precipitation phases were identified based on records of weather phenomena and used—along with information on lapse rate—to estimate the occurrence and altitudinal extent of winter rainfall over the glacier. We found an increase in the frequency of winter rain in Hornsund, and that these events impact both glacier mass balance and glacier dynamics. However, the latter varied depending on the degree of snow cover and drainage systems development. In early winter, given the initial, thin snow cover and an inefficient drainage system, rainfall increased glacier velocity. Full-season winter rainfall on well-developed snow was effectively stored in the glacier, contributing on average to 9% of the winter accumulation.pl_PL
dc.rightsUznanie autorstwa 3.0 Polska*
dc.subjectglacier dynamicspl_PL
dc.subjectwinter rainpl_PL
dc.subjectmass balancepl_PL
dc.titleThe Role of Winter Rain in the Glacial System on Svalbardpl_PL
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