intellectual disability; inclusion and belonging; Participatory Action Research; the arts
The New Educational Review, Vol. 51, iss. 1 (2018), s. 246-257
People with intellectual disabilities (IDs) are often recognised as suffering
from “social exclusion”. Attempts aimed at combating this exclusion include
support in finding employment and preparing them for living independently.
Unfortunately, for a large group of people with intellectual disabilities the
aforementioned strategies of promoting social inclusion are unattainable, and
thus alternative areas of social inclusion are sought after. The arts/artistic
work may be one of them. Due to the fact that the study was conducted as
participatory action research, the main areas of social exclusion of people
with intellectual disabilities were exposed. This allowed for attempting to prevent
this phenomenon. In this study, artistic work has become a laboratory of
social practices toward people with intellectual disabilities and the solutions
created in the realm of the arts may serve as an example for designing a normalising
model of support for people with intellectual disabilities in other
areas as well.