J. Uchyła-Zroski (red.), "Zarys współczesnych kierunków badań nad wartościami w muzyce" (s. 148-161)
The author emphasizes an important role an étude plays in pianist education at the beginning
of his/her contact with piano keyboard. The history of creation and development of étude as
a form and factor conditioning the development of piano playing skills and techniques is connected
with the development of keyboard instruments and piano mechanisms. The development
of the 19th century piano playing has an important influence on different types of études on an
outstandingly didactic character (études by M. Clementi and K. Czerny) and virtuoso études demanding
great instrumental skills from the performer (études by F. Liszt). These are accompanied
by etudes, the artistic expression of which compares to the most outstanding music works (études
by F. Chopin). The influence of Chopin’s composing art on his followers results in the whole series
of études-poems, works going far beyond the sphere of works exclusively devoted to schooling.
The curricula for teachers of primary and secondary music schools as well as general music
schools contain a range of suggestions of the collections of études by different composers, which
helps the pedagogues in choosing the right type of études for their students.